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New York Sea Grant's Summer 2020 Virtual Seminar Series
Research - News

Join New York Sea Grant (NYSG) for our "Summer 2020 Virtual Seminar Series." 

This series features NYSG–supported researchers and topics and activities of interest to the New York State coastal community and stakeholders that our program serves.

All seminars are offered via Zoom (see below for more information) and Facebook Live (see www.facebook.com/nyseagrant).

All seminars are recorded and later made available on our YouTube Channel, www.youtube.com/nyseagrant.

Here's the playlist from the Summer 2020 season ... and individual seminars in the series can be streamed below this embedded video ...

June 25, 2020
12 – 1:15 pm

Dr. Christopher Gobler
Stony Brook University, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences
"New Approaches to Decoding Brown Tide in Long Island Estuaries"

Brown tides, caused by Aureococcus anophagefferens, have been plaguing Long Island estuaries for 35 years. To date, multiple hypotheses have been put forth to explain the occurrence of these events.

Effective management strategies requires understanding the causes of these blooms. With funding from the NOAA Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) program, this project examined transcriptomes, the complete set of RNA transcripts that are produced by the genome of an organism under specific condition, to determine the causes of brown tides, with the goal of developing more effective management strategies.

In 2016, the Gobler Lab sampled a brown tide during the initiation, peak, and collapse phases of the bloom, while concurrently measuring several environmental parameters and new molecular markers of cellular processes. They also conducted experiments to explore how changes in nutrients and zooplankton grazing alter cell numbers and specific molecular markers in the brown tide organism, as well as competing algae. The results to be presented in this seminar provide a novel insight into how brown tides develop and are sustained.

Another highlight of this seminar: New York Sea Grant, the Suffolk County Department of Health and their partners are asking for your help to document occurrences of Harmful Algal Blooms in NY's marine waters: www.nyseagrant.org/reportHABs

Some Stories of Interest:

New York Sea Grant Research: Results and Impacts (March 2020)

Reporting Suspicious Marine Algal Bloom (May 2020)

July 23, 2020 
12:30 – 1:30 pm

Dr. Jase Bernhardt

Hofstra University
"Developing a Virtual Reality Video Game to Simulate Rip Currents"

For the second seminar in our Summer Virtual Seminar Series, Dr. Bernhardt discusses the use of virtual reality (VR) to communicate to beachgoers the dangers of rip currents.

Rip currents - narrow channels of fast-moving seawater that pull swimmers away from the shore - kill around 100 beachgoers each year according to the United States Lifesaving Association (USLA). On average, 80% of all lifeguard rescues at surf beaches can be attributed to rip currents.

Research has shown that the public has a limited understanding of the danger of rip currents and the proper actions to take to escape when caught in one. Dr. Bernhardt and his team developed a VR simulation that allows the participant to feel as if they are in a rip current.

The objective was to test the effectiveness of the tool at teaching beachgoers how to escape from a rip current. The VR simulation tool was used to survey beachgoers on Long Island during summer 2019. The actions participants took when confronted with the rip current were recorded, along with whether they escaped. An interview with each participant was also conducted after the simulation to determine the realism of the rip current simulation and its effectiveness in demonstrating the proper actions to take when caught by one. Analysis of the results indicates that VR has the potential to communicate rip current risk and ways to minimize it in a unique and engaging manner. 

Also, there's a Summer 2020 social media campaign on beach safety during the COVID-19 pandemic at www.nyseagrant.org/beachsafely.

Some Stories of Interest:

On YouTube: Using Virtual Reality to Learn How to Escape a Rip Current (July 2019)

New York Sea Grant Provides Resources to Avoid Rip Current Dangers (June 2019)

August 20, 2020 
12 – 1 pm

Dr. Scott Steinschneider
Cornell University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
"A Probabilistic, Parcel-Level Inundation Prediction Tool to Support Community Preparedness to Flooding along Lake Ontario"

The third seminar in our Summer Virtual Seminar Series was presented by Cornell University's Dr. Scott Steinschneider, who discussed the development of a flood risk management tool for Lake Ontario communities.

Lake Ontario has experienced two record-setting floods over the course of three years (2017-2019). These floods have left shoreline communities unsure of how best to assess their flood risk and manage future flood events.

The tool can provide actionable flood risk information for short-term emergency management at local scales. It was designed based on stakeholder needs and guidance. Model predictions in the tool are accurate, with the potential for further improvement by focusing on key processes. This model is one component of a suite of tools being developed by New York Sea Grant to support shoreline communities. 

The goal of the tool is to provide community planners and property owners with a conservative, parcel-level assessment of flood risk to help inform short-term emergency response and better prepare for future flood events.

Some Stories of Interest:

NY Sea Grant and Cornell Professor Introduce Lake Ontario Parcel-Level Flood Risk Prediction Tool (July 2020)

A story map highlighting 2017's Lake Ontario Water Level Impacts (April 2020)

NYSG Publishes NY Great Lakes Coastal Resilience Index (January 2020)

NYSG's Coastal Community Development Program its Resources page
features more on both "High Water Impact Surveying" and "Tools"

Lake Ontario Inundation Mapping Tools Now Available from NYSG (June 2019)

NYSG Posts High Water Level Survey Results, Resources (April 2018)

September 24, 2020 
12 – 1 pm

Dr. Karin E. Limburg and Kayla Smith
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
"Reconnecting Waters for Eels and River Herring: Public Perceptions of Dam Removal in the Hudson-Mohawk Watershed"

In this talk, Ms. Kayla Smith, a PhD candidate at SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, will discuss her dissertation research in the Hudson-Mohawk watershed working with community groups to determine “barriers and bridges” to dam removal in order to restore historic diadromous fish runs (i.e., river herring and the American eel).

“Diadromous” refers to the fact that these fish species require both inland and marine habitats to complete their life cycles. These species are in decline, in large part due to loss of access to vital riverine habitats that are now blocked by dams.

The participation of stakeholders in workshops and interviews have proven invaluable to our understanding of community-level interest and concerns towards aquatic connectivity efforts in New York’s largest estuary. These conversations will ultimately help to inform state-level decision making for dam removal projects that benefit people and biodiversity.

Some Stories of Interest:

New York Sea Grant Research: Results and Impacts (March 2020)

New York Sea Grant Announces New Omnibus Research Projects (Summer 2016)

Marine Science Experts Discuss Eel Aquaculture Partnership (November 2014)

More Info: New York Sea Grant

New York Sea Grant (NYSG), a cooperative program of Cornell University and the State University of New York (SUNY), is one of 34 university-based programs under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Sea Grant College Program.

Since 1971, NYSG has represented a statewide network of integrated research, education and extension services promoting coastal community economic vitality, environmental sustainability and citizen awareness and understanding about the State’s marine and Great Lakes resources.

Through NYSG’s efforts, the combined talents of university scientists and extension specialists help develop and transfer science-based information to many coastal user groups—businesses and industries, federal, state and local government decision-makers and agency managers, educators, the media and the interested public.

The program maintains Great Lakes offices at Cornell University, SUNY Buffalo, SUNY Oswego and the Wayne County Cooperative Extension office in Newark. In the State's marine waters, NYSG has offices at Stony Brook University in Long Island, Brooklyn College and Cornell Cooperative Extension in NYC and Kingston in the Hudson Valley.

For updates on Sea Grant activities: www.nyseagrant.org has RSS, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube links. NYSG offers a free e-list sign up via www.nyseagrant.org/nycoastlines for its flagship publication, NY Coastlines/Currents, which is published quarterly. Our program also produces an occasional e-newsletter,"NOAA Sea Grant's Social Media Review," via its blog, www.nyseagrant.org/blog.

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