Focus Areas: Healthy Coastal Ecosystems
Aquatic Invasive Species: Publications

Here is a sampling of publications related to this NYSG Focus Area, Healthy Coastal Ecosystems (Aquatic Invasive Species):

Fact Sheets & Reports back to top

Asian Carp - Threats to the Lower Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River?. MacNeill, D.B., Domske, H.M.  2011. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Oswego and Buffalo, NY. 4pp. (pdf)

Biological Pollution of the Great Lakes: The Problem of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species. O'Neill, C.R.  2004. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Brockport, NY. 8pp. (pdf)

European Frog-Bit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) – Floating Invader of Great Lakes Basin Waters. CR O'Neill. 2007. 4 pp. (pdf)
This 4 page factsheet takes a look at this emergent plant, which resembles miniature water lilies, has started to agressively increase its range in Quebec and New York. The publication addresses: identification and biology; distribution; habitat; impacts; and, management and control technologies. Also inclued are color photographs and print and Web references.

Fine particle persistence in ballast water sediments and ballast tank biofilms. Pages 92-94 in 28th Annual Meeting Proceedings. Forsberg, R., R. Baier, and A. Meyer. 2005. The Adhesion Society Inc., Blacksburg, VA

Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) - Poisonous Invader of the Northeast. CR O'Neill. 2006. 8 pp. (pdf)
This 8 page factsheet discusses New York State's most striking, and dangerous, invasive plant, the giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). It contains information on the plant's history and distribution, biology and habitat, keys for identification (and for telling this plant from several more common look-alikes), ecological and human health impacts, and control technologies. Also inclued are extensive color photographs and print and Web references.

Great Lakes Ecosystem. Poster. New York Sea Grant. 2004. (click here)

A Guide to Fish Invaders of the Great Lakes Region. 2008. Sea Grant programs in New York, Michigan, Illinois-Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin have partnered to create training curricula materials centered around the AIS-HACCP concept. The guide includes full-color illustrations for 38 invasive and common look-a-like native fishes. For more, click here or request copies through New York Sea Grant at 631-632-6905.

Guidelines for reducing the spread of "fish-hook water-fleas" Cercopagis pengoi. MacNeill, D., M. Snyder, K. Schultz, J. Makarewicz, and D. Baker. 2004. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Oswego, NY. 4pp. (pdf)

Hemimysis anomala (Bloody Red Mysid) Bibliography. D Oleson. 2007. 5 pp. Bibliography (pdf)
The non-native vertebrate Bloody Red Mysid shrimp (Hemimysis anomala) has been found in the Great Lakes. A bibliography of scientific papers on this species has been prepared by the National Aquatic Nuisance Species Clearinghouse.

Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) - NOT WANTED!: An invasive aquatic plant. CR O'Neill. 2012. Brochure (pdf)
A brochure for use educating boaters, shoreline property owners, anglers, and other water recreators regarding the prevention of spread of this invasive water weed.

Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata): What Marinas Need to Know. CR O'Neill. 2012. 2 pp. Fact Sheet. (pdf)
A fact sheet for marina owners and recreational boaters on how to help prevent the spread of this invasive water weed.

Information Needs for Lake Ontario: The Great Lakes Regional Research and Information Network Search Conferences. Lauber, T.B., Brown, T.L. 2008. 61 pages. (click here)

Invasive species of Lakes Erie and Ontario. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. Domske, H. and C.R. O'Neill, Jr. 2003. New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Buffalo, NY. 8pp. (pdf)

30 Invasive Species to Watch. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. 2001. (pdf)
Exotic or nonindigenous species are plants or animals that are transported to an area outside their native range where they compete with native species for food and habitat and may impact the ecosystem. These 30 species are considered invasive somewhere in New York waters. With New York’s fresh water, brackish, and saltwater coasts, a species indigenous to one area may be invasive in another.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis indicates sea lamprey are indigenous to Lake Ontario: Response to comment. Waldman, J.R., R. Daniels, M. Hickerson, and I. Wirgin. 2009. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138(5): 1190–1197.

Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers. Brochure. 2012. Mary Penney, New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Oswego, NY. (pdf)
This brochure provides boaters with how-to tips for slowing the spread of aquatic invasive species (AIS) and profiles for some AIS of concern (Hydrilla, round goby, didymo and Eurasian watermilfoil). Included is a convenient checklist, schematic, and inspection and disposal tips that can be used to guide boaters through watercraft inspection for AIS.

Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in the Northeast. O'Neill, C.R.  2006. New York Sea Grant Fact Sheet. New York Sea Grant Extension Program, Brockport, NY. 4pp. (pdf)
This 4 page factsheet discusses a major water fouling aquatic invasive plant, the water chestnut (Trapa natans), but not the kind you find in grocery stores sliced in cans. The publication addresses: identification and biology; distribution; physical, ecological and economic impacts; and, control technologies. Also inclued are color photographs and print and Web references.

For more Aquatic Invasive Species fact sheets, reports and other publications, check out the following NYSG Web sites:

Aquatic Invasive Species

National Aquatic Nuisance Species Clearinghouse (NANSC)
(Partner Site)

Articles back to top

Winter'12: New Fact Sheet on Asian Carp (pdf)

Spring'11: A New Role for 30–Year Veteran O’Neill (pdf)

Spring'11: Invasives to Watch (pdf)

Fall '10: A WWWeb of Lake Ontario Learning (pdf)

Fall '09: NYIS Info (The New York Invasive Species Information Clearinghouse) (pdf)

Spring '09: A Delicate Balance (pdf)

Spring '09: These Scholars Follow the Fish (pdf)

Fall '08: NYS Steps Up the Battle Against Invasive Species (pdf)

Fall '07: Coming to Marine Waters Near You (pdf)

Spring/Summer '06: North America's New Form of Biological Pollution (pdf)

Winter '06: New Wave of Research (pdf)

Winter '06: Invaders in the Classroom (pdf)

Fall '05: A is for Aquatic (pdf)

Spring '05: A Stay for Mitten Crab in NY's Waterways? (pdf)

Fall '04: Sea Lamprey: Lake Ontario's Native Son? (Researcher: Wirgin) (pdf)

Fall '04: The Clearinghouse Goes Emerald (International Conference) (pdf)

Summer '04: Funding Breakthrough Research (incl. new AIS research) (pdf)

Spring '04: Little Critters, Big Impacts (Researcher: Makarewicz) (pdf)

Fall '03: Spreading Exotics Through Ballast Water (Researcher: Baier) (pdf)

Fall '03: "Grinches" of the Hudson (Researcher: Cole) (pdf)

Summer '03: Invader Watchers (Research/Ext. -incl.Cercopagis work) (pdf)

Fall '02: NY's "Least Wanted" (incl.NANSC and Lake Champlain updates) (pdf)

Fall '02: Lake Ontario Algae Workshop (pdf)

Spring '02: Focus on Research (incl. research by Mills, et. al.) (pdf)

Winter '01: Aquatic Nuisance, Non-Indigenous, Invasive Species (Research/Ext.- incl.Makarewicz) (pdf)

Winter '01: The Shell Game: Where's the Phosphorus (Researcher: Makarewicz) (pdf)

Summer '00: Sea Grant on Sea Lamprey (Researcher: Wirgin) (pdf)

Fall '99: Aliens in Our Watershed (Research/Ext.- incl.Makarewicz, Nierzwicki-Bauer) (pdf)

Fall '99: AIS Conference a Success (pdf)

Fall '98: O'Neill Spreads the Word in Ireland (International Workshop) (pdf)

Fall '98: Exotic Species Day Camp (pdf)

Success Stories back to top

Research back to top

Benthification of Great Lakes Ecosystems: A Synergism between Nutrient Reduction and Driessena? (2008, Mills, R/CE-20) (pdf)
NYSG researchers have examined the primary forces that are driving the flow of energy and materials in Great Lakes ecosystems downward from the water column into the lake bottom sediments. Their original “benthification” model is now providing a management tool to municipalities and researchers.

Genetic Characteristics of Great Lakes and Atlantic Coast Sea Lamprey Populations (2007, Wirgin, R/XG-13) (pdf)
Sea Grant researchers have opened up the discussion about the parasitic sea lamprey which negatively impacts the economically important Great Lakes salmonid fishery. Their genetic evidence shows that sea lamprey populations appeared in the region soon after glaciation and their lack of homing fidelity precludes use of some management and control practices.

Extension back to top

Workforce Training Aids Aquatic Invasive Species Education (2012) (pdf)
In 2011, New York Sea Grant created a workforce development training program to help educate future members of the environmental sector about aquatic invasive species. In the past 200 years, more than 180 aquatic invasive species have entered the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River ecosystems.

The 2010 Discover Clean & Safe Boating campaign (2011) (pdf)
In the Great Lakes region, more than 1,400 New York boaters pledged to be environmentally-sound after visiting the 2010 Discover Clean and Safe Boating exhibit at events throughout the freshwater shoreline region. The 2011 edition of the campaign includes a fishing boat, a canoe, and national Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers information on how boaters can reduce the spread of unwanted invasive species.

Coming Soon to an Ecosystem Near You: Sea Grant Helps New York Cope with Invasive Species (2009) (pdf)
New York State is home to more than 500 populations of state endangered or threatened species. A well-informed, educated public is the first line of defense against new invasions and is essential to the management of existing invaders. In 2008, building on 20 years of aquatic invasive species outreach experience, New York Sea Grant applied this same outreach philosophy to all taxa of invaders, aquatic and terrestrial, founding the NY Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

“Westward Ho the Mussels” -- The Day the Dreissenids Crossed the Great Divide (2008) (pdf)
Zebra and quagga mussels (Dreissena spp.) will celebrate the 20th anniversary of their North American invasion in 2008. During those 20 years, the mussels have disrupted ecosystems, and caused billions of dollars of industrial, electric generation and water treatment impacts. NYSG’s recognized expertise with the mussels provided a linkage to 19 years of eastern experience, science and outreach and helped states west of the 100th Meridian to minimize the potential spread and related ecologic and economic impacts of the mussels in the West.

New York Sea Grant: Defending Against Invasive Species (2007) (pdf)
“Biological pollution” - hundreds of invasive species in the Great Lakes and in our estuaries and marine waters – costs New Yorkers millions of dollars annually in environmental degradation and economic, aesthetic, and public health impacts. For two decades, New York Sea Grant (NYSG) has been the “go to” organization for research-based outreach information on preventing, identifying and controlling aquatic invasive species.

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